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At MICDS Libraries, we "heart" citations. Why do we love citing things so much? Because when we cite, we give credit to the creator of a source of information that we are using. Whose heart wouldn't be warmed by such a gesture?

However, we know that citing sources can sometimes seem like a difficult and confusing process. This guide will hopefully give you the tools you need to feel confident citing any kind of source. Even podcasts and images!

First, we need to get the vocabulary straight. A Works Cited page is a separate page attached at the end of your paper or assignment that lists all of the sources that you used to complete your research and cited in your paper. A reader of your paper should be able to go to the Works Cited page and find any source that you have listed using the information you include. A citation is one of the listings in your Works Cited page--it may be the information for a book, or a website, or an article, for example.

There are many different ways to cite your sources, including APA, MLA, Chicago, and Turabian. Most teachers at MICDS will want you to use what is called the MLA style to cite your sources. There is an entire book devoted to the MLA style, appropriately called the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. We have many copies of this guide in the library if you need more information than we can provide in this introductory guide. Check 808.02 GIB.
For more extensive explanations of MLA style, check out the following links:
MLA Formatting and Style Guide: Purdue
The Hacker Guide

Many classes and teachers require you to use NoodleToolsfor projects and research papers. Please feel free to use NoodleToolsto create citations for all your assignments and research needs, whether or not it is required.


Alphabetize entries; do not number them! Bibliography should be double-spaced. All hanging lines should be indented. Include website addresses if available. When in doubt, ask the librarians!

PRINT SOURCES


AN ENCYCLOPEDIA ENTRY

Fierman, William. "Uzbekistan." The World Book Encyclopedia. Vol. 20. Chicago: World Book, 2006. Print.

A BOOK WITH AN EDITOR

Mintz, Anne P., ed. Web of Deceit: Misinformation and Manipulation in the Age of
Social Media. Medford: CyberAge, 2012. Print.

A BOOK WITH TWO EDITORS

Mintz, Anne P., and Craig Thompson, eds. Web of Deceit: Misinformation and Manipulation in the Age of
Social Media. Medford: CyberAge, 2012. Print.

A BOOK WITH ONE AUTHOR

Winchester, Simon. The Professor and the Madman. New York: Harper Collins Publishers, 1998. Print.

A BOOK WITH TWO AUTHORS

Davidson, James West, and John E. Batchelor. The American Nation. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1991. Print.

A BOOK WITH THREE AUTHORS

Allen, Dinsmore, Clarence H. Cleminshaw and John G. Phillips. Pictorial Astronomy. 3rd revised edition.
New York: Crowell, 1969. Print.

A BOOK WITH MORE THAN THREE AUTHORS

Allee, W.C., et. al. Principals of Animal Ecology. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1949. Print.

A BOOK AUTHORED BY A BUSINESS / ORGANIZATION

American Cancer Society. Facts on Hodkins Disease. Baltimore: American Cancer Society, 1972. Print.

A BOOK WITH NO AUTHOR LISTED

The World Almanac and Book of Facts. New York: Newspaper Enterprises Association, 1994. Print.

A BOOK (WHEN ONLY PART OF THE WORK IS USED, SUCH AS AN ESSAY, POEM, OR SHORT STORY)

Garro, Elena. "A Poisoned Tale." Short Stories by Latin American Women. Ed. Celia Correas de Zapata. New York: Modern Library, 2002. 33-43. Print.

A TRANSLATION

Homer. The Odyssey. Trans. Robert Fagles. New York: Viking, 1996. Print.

AN ARTICLE IN A MONTHLY MAGAZINE

Allen, T.B. "Turkey Struggles for Balance." National Geographic May 1994: 34-35.

AN ARTICLE IN A WEEKLY MAGAZINE

Allen, T.B. "Turkey Struggles for Balance." National Geographic 30 May 1994: 34-35. Print.

AN ARTICLE IN A NEWSPAPER

Angier, Natalie. "Why Vegetables Are Good for You." New York Times. 13 April 1994: B7. Print.

ON-LINE SOURCES


A PAGE OR ARTICLE ON A WEBSITE

If there is an author or creator of the website you are citing, make sure to include it in your citation!
Eaves, Morris, Robert Essick, and Joseph Viscomi. The William Blake Archive. Lib. of Congress, 28 Sept 2007. Web. 20 Oct. 2010. <http://www.blakearchive.org/blake/>.

“National Book Festival.” Library of Congress Online. Lib. of Congress, 8 Sept. 2010. Web. 21 Sept.
2010. <http://www.loc.gov/bookfest/>

“St. Louis, Missouri.” Map. Google Maps. Google, 22 Sept. 2010. Web. 22 Sept. 2010.
<http://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&tab=wl>

AN ARTICLE, ORIGINALLY PUBLISHED IN PRINT, ON A WEBSITE

McDonald, Mark. "Delegates Arrive for North Korea Meeting." New York Times 20 Sept. 2010: n. pag. Web. 8 Dec. 2010. <http://www.nytimes.com/2010/09/28/world
/asia/28korea.html?_r=1&hp>.

A BLOG ENTRY

Lessig, Lawrence. "Speak Out on (Canadian) Copyright." Web log post. Lessig Blog. 20 Aug. 2009. Web. 24 Sept. 2010.
<http://lessig.org/blog/2009/08/speak_out_on_canadian_copyrigh.html>.

A PODCAST

"World's Most Precise Clocks Test Relativity." Talk of the Nation. National Public Radio. 24 Sept. 2010. NPR.org. Web. 27 Sept.
2010. <http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=130104039>.

AN IMAGE FROM A WEBSITE

Olibac. School Flower. 2007. Flickr. Yahoo!, 31 Oct. 2007. Web. 8 Dec. 2010. <http://www.flickr.com/photos/olibac/1837033181/>.

AN ARTICLE ORIGINALLY PUBLISHED IN A DATABASE

Smith, John. "Songhai Empire." World History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 18 Oct. 2010. <http://worldhistory.abc-clio.com/>

AN ARTICLE, ORIGINALLY PUBLISHED IN A BOOK, FROM A DATABASE

"Industrial Agriculture Must Be Carefully Regulated in the Future." Factory Farming. Ed. Debra A. Miller. Detroit: Greenhaven, 2010. N. pag. Current Controversies. Gale Opposing
Viewpoints in Context. Web. 8 Dec. 2010. <http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/ovi /ViewpointsDetailsPage/ViewpointsDetailsWindow?displayGoupName=Viewpoints&prodId=&action=e&
windowstate=normalcatId=&documentId=GAE%7CEJ3010701225&mode=view&userGroupName=sain62671jsid=7293037945af8d349a8750e044be60d>.

AN ARTICLE, ORIGINALLY PUBLISHED IN A MAGAZINE, FROM A DATABASE

Maisano, Frank. "Resignation of UN's Climate Chief Confirms Futility of the World Body." New Scientist 15 Mar. 2010: 9. Gale Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 8 Dec. 2010.
<http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/ovic/MagazinesDetailsPage/ MagazinesDetailWindow?displayGroupName=Magazines&prodId=&action=e&windowstate=normalcatId=&
documentId=GALE%7CA222399506&mode=view&userGroupName=sain62671jsid=8e082161dd948db2591a1950cb79a76d>.

AN ARTICLE, ORIGINALLY PUBLISHED IN A NEWSPAPER, FROM A DATABASE

Nagourney, Adam. "Showdown on Emissions Attracts Out-of-Staters." New York Times 17 Sept. 2010: A(16)L. Gale Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 8 Dec. 2010.
<http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/ovic/NewsDetailsPag/NewsDetailsWindow?displayGroupName=ews&prodId=&action=e&windowstate=normal&catId=
documentId=GALE%7CA23726780&mode=view&userGroupName=sain62671&jsid=97df0ffd24662767dc40153d9ad34849>.

AN IMAGE FROM A DATABASE

"Climate Security Act News Conference in Washington, D.C." UPI Photo Collection. United Press International, 2010. Gale
Opposing Viewpoints In Context. Web. 27 Sept. 2010. <http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/ovic/ImagesDetailsPage
/ImagesDetailsWindow?total=3&query=SU%20%22Greenhouse%20gases%22&prodId=&windowstate=normal&mode=view&
limiter=&displayGroupName=Images&sortBy=relevance%2Cdescending&action=e&catId=&view=docDisplay&currentPage=3&
documentId=GALE%7CCT4099901806&userGroupName=sain62671&jsid=334d5f30fd1d528cdeb385239e762306>.

A VIDEO FROM A DATABASE

“Energy Needs for China's Economy at Odds with Attempts to Reduce Greenhouse Gases.” AP Video Archive 2010. Gale
Opposing Viewpoints In Context. Web. 27 Sept. 2010. <http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/ovic/VideosDetailsPag
/VideosDetailsWindow?total=21&query=SU%20%22Greenhouse%20gases%22&prodId=&windowstate=normal&mode=view&
limiter=&displayGroupName=Videos&sortBy=relevance%2Cdescending&action=e&catId=&view=docDisplay&currentPage=1
documentId=GALE%7CCT3208580020&userGroupName=sain62671&jsid=17409e3e6572a856f6bbfe2dda72656c>.

A VIDEO FROM YOUTUBE

Booba1234. David After Dentist. Youtube. Youtube, 30 Jan. 2009. Web. 15 Nov. 2010. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=txqiwrbYGrs>.

A PERSONAL INTERVIEW

Smith, John. Personal interview. 4 Apr. 2011.